An examination of the challenges and rewards of adopting a transparent workplace culture
Don’t incentivize employees with money. They don’t want it.
Did you do a double-take? While the statement is a bit facetious-your workers expect fair compensation for the work they do-but it’s not the be-all and end-all of their motivation. In fact, it’s not even one of their top three motivators. The top three motivators-culture and values, career opportunities and senior leadership-account for over 60% of an employee’s job satisfaction. Let’s look at each of these in turn and examine how it influences (and is influenced by) a transparent corporate culture.
Defining Transparency and Culture
There’s a temptation to think of corporate culture and transparency as synonymous, whether that transparency is achieved yet or not. Consider the following statement by a fictional CEO: “Our corporate culture is one of transparency.”
It probably strikes you as an empty phrase. The more cynical would likely start looking for transparency in practice in this executive’s organization, or worse yet, start examining the CEO for behavior consistent (and inconsistent) with the statement.
Take a minute to look out the window. Some of you might see trees, green spaces and water; others might see walls of adjacent buildings. A few of you probably noticed the window needs cleaning. While people can value transparency, in many ways, it isn’t a value at all. It’s a condition.
Transparency sits in between culture and perception. You already have corporate transparency. It’s simple a matter of opacity. With this model in mind, it becomes clear that an enterprise with opaque cultural transparency is likely to frustrate perceptions. Conversely, high transparency contributes to a satisfying work condition.
Traditional, hierarchy-based management is often defined by the prime parking space, beneficial rewards and demonstrative achievements that get entrenched in the myths of corporate culture, which makes the workplace a competitive environment rather than a collaborative one and promotes a set of skills that may not be best suited to advancing a facility’s agenda.
It’s easy to see that, if the fictional CEO of our example makes his or her statement then goes back to the office and closes the door, the words are hollow.
The Message Behind Career Opportunities
Consider the silent pluggers. Every workplace has them. Those who quietly do their job, day-after-day, and they’re good at it. Perhaps they want to know that they can keep doing what they are doing, earning a little more over time. Promotion is a reward for some, but a punishment for others. To them, a bump up to supervisor may be the worst possible outcome. If the corporate window on advancement is opaque, the pluggers may not be doing their best work in hopes of being passed over.
Of course, promotion may also be a tangible demonstration of a person’s value. It’s hard to argue that your work is valued if the company gives you more money and responsibility. If this validation can only come through career advancement, then they probably aren’t experiencing workplace transparency when it comes to day-to-day job performance.
Given that salaries are typically closely guarded by company and workers alike, it’s likely that, in the opaque workplace, there are those who are consumed with the idea that others are making more for similar (or less) effort. A promotion or a raise is the only way they can calm the inner voices telling them that they are being ripped off.
There just can’t be salary transparency though, can there? Well, the military does it. Public institutions, such as universities and government agencies, publish salary information at all levels. We all know how much the President makes. With access to job listings across the country or even around the world through the internet, it’s never been easier for a worker to establish his market value. But remember, money is only number 5 on the list of motivators. It’s not that workers want to be paid the most; they want to be paid fairly.
Transparency and Senior Leadership
Brace yourselves, here’s where management comes in. You’ve probably heard that glib catch phrase, “People don’t quit their jobs. They quit their bosses.” It may be somewhat of a simplification, but examine your own job history to see if it’s true for you. What makes up a good boss is different for everyone. Despite the definitions, there are leaders who are accepted as superior, so there are overlaps of perception.
Perception. You read how opacity affects perception, and the real challenge for you as a manager is to find the balance that’s right for your company, your workers and, since you must live it, for you. Reviewing the basic definition of a manager, we are reminded that “a manager is a person whose work is completed through the efforts of others.”
Your workers are completing your essential work. You probably know how they tick as a group and, in some cases, as individuals. You’re likely contemplating the concept of transparency to help your people work better, more efficiently and with satisfaction and loyalty. Email, calendars, work time and work tasks can keep tabs on the work that your staff is doing. Is this gathered information used to adjust and adapt? Or is it a corporate Big Brother resulting in increasingly complex work avoidance?
A smart approach to transparency may beat a “more is better” approach, particularly during the early stages of implementation. Systems that feed the transparent condition are often used in opaque ways, sending mixed messages. Understanding transparency as a condition means treating transparency as a process. Your workers are looking to you for guidance, example and sincerity. For over 16% of them, it’s the most important factor leading to job satisfaction.
Your Visual Flight Rules
Reducing the opaque walls of hierarchal corporate culture is not something to attempt on a whim or on a mission statement. Employees can see right through you if your leadership lacks sincerity.
It’s ironic, but perhaps the best methods to begin efforts to improve transparency are subversive. You can quietly try on your own transparency changes-learn about your staff, their goals, dreams and frustrations. Mix these with your knowledge of the business, your clients and your industry. Just as a pilot flies from one landmark to the next, so too will your process toward transparency.